Noble tomb found at Saqqara, named Khuwy

0
753
Noble tomb found at Saqqara, named Khuwy
Noble tomb found at Saqqara, named Khuwy

Coronavirus USA news live: Latest updates

311,637
Confirmed
8,454
Deaths
14,828
Recovered

An Egyptian archaeological mission has discovered the tomb of a Fifth Dynasty dignitary named Khuwy during an excavation and documentation survey carried out in south Saqqara, and has also discovered the name of the queen to whom a pyramid complex in the area belonged.

The tomb consists of a superstructure with an L-shaped offering chamber, which was once decorated with reliefs. Only the bottom part of this decoration is preserved, as the white limestone blocks of the other parts were re-used in the construction of other buildings in antiquity.

Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, explained that the mission has found at the north wall of the tomb, the entrance to a unique substructure, which is for the first time clearly inspired by the design of the substructures of the royal pyramids of the Fifth Dynasty.

That part of the tomb starts with a descending corridor, which leads to a vestibule. An entrance in its southern wall gives access to a decorated antechamber. Its decoration represents the tomb owner sitting in front of the offering table on the south and north walls. Moreover, an offering list was depicted on the east wall and the palace-façade on the west wall.

Coronavirus live updates:
Country Confirmed Deaths Recovered
USA 311,637 8,454 14,828
Spain 126,168 11,947 34,219
Italy 124,632 15,362 20,996
Germany 96,092 1,444 26,400
France 89,953 7,560 15,438
Iran 55,743 3,452 19,736
UK 41,903 4,313 135
Turkey 23,934 501 786
Switzerland 20,505 666 6,415
Belgium 18,431 1,283 3,247
Netherlands 16,627 1,651 250
Canada 14,018 233 2,603
Austria 11,781 186 2,507
Portugal 10,524 266 75
Brazil 10,360 445 127
S. Korea 10,237 183 6,463
Israel 8,018 46 477
Sweden 6,443 373 205
Australia 5,635 34 585
Norway 5,550 62 32
Russia 4,731 43 333
Ireland 4,604 137 25
Czechia 4,472 59 78
Chile 4,161 27 528
Denmark 4,077 161 1,283
Poland 3,627 79 116
Romania 3,613 146 329
India 3,588 99 229
Malaysia 3,483 57 915
Ecuador 3,465 172 100
Japan 3,139 77 514
Philippines 3,094 144 57
Pakistan 2,880 45 170
Luxembourg 2,729 31 500
Saudi Arabia 2,370 29 420
Thailand 2,169 23 674
Indonesia 2,092 191 150
Mexico 1,890 79 633
Finland 1,882 25 300
Panama 1,801 46 13
Peru 1,746 73 914
Greece 1,673 68 78
Serbia 1,624 44 54
South Africa 1,585 9 95
Dominican Republic 1,578 77 17
UAE 1,505 10 125
Argentina 1,451 43 279
Iceland 1,417 4 396
Colombia 1,406 32 85
Qatar 1,325 3 109
Algeria 1,251 130 90
Ukraine 1,225 32 25
Singapore 1,189 6 297
Croatia 1,126 12 119
Egypt 1,070 71 241
Estonia 1,039 13 59
New Zealand 1,039 1 156
Slovenia 977 22 79
Morocco 919 59 66
Iraq 878 56 259
Hong Kong 862 4 173
Lithuania 811 11 7
Armenia 770 7 43
Moldova, Republic of 752 12 29
Hungary 733 34 66
Diamond Princess 712 11 619
Bahrain 688 4 423
Bosnia 626 21 30
Cameroon 555 9 17
Tunisia 553 18 5
Kazakhstan 551 6 36
Bulgaria 522 18 37
Azerbaijan 521 5 32
Lebanon 520 17 54
Latvia 509 1 1
Macedonia 483 17 20
Kuwait 479 1 93
Slovakia 471 1 10
Andorra 466 17 21
Belarus 440 5 53
Costa Rica 435 2 13
Cyprus 426 9 33
Uruguay 400 5 93
Taiwan 363 5 54
Afghanistan 337 7 15
Réunion 334 0 40
Albania 333 20 99
Jordan 323 5 74
Burkina Faso 318 16 66
Oman 298 2 61
Uzbekistan 298 2 25
Cuba 288 6 15
Honduras 268 22 6
Channel Islands 262 5 13
San Marino 259 32 27
Côte d'Ivoire 245 1 25
Vietnam 240 0 90
Senegal 219 2 72
Palestinian Territory, Occupied 217 1 21
Ghana 214 5 31
Nigeria 214 4 25
Malta 213 0 2
Montenegro 201 2 1
Mauritius 196 7 7
Faroe Islands 181 0 93
Georgia 170 1 36
Sri Lanka 166 5 27
Bolivia 157 10 2
Venezuela 155 7 52
DRC 154 18 3
Kyrgyzstan 147 1 9
Martinique 145 3 27
Niger 144 8 0
Brunei 135 1 66
Guadeloupe 134 7 24
Mayotte 134 2 14
Kenya 126 4 4
Isle of Man 126 1 0
Cambodia 114 0 50
Guinea 111 0 5
Paraguay 104 3 12
Trinidad and Tobago 103 6 1
Rwanda 102 0 0
Gibraltar 98 0 52
Liechtenstein 77 1 0
Bangladesh 70 8 30
Madagascar 70 0 0
Monaco 66 1 3
Aruba 64 0 1
El Salvador 62 3 2
Guatemala 61 2 15
French Guiana 61 0 22
Jamaica 55 3 7
Barbados 52 0 0
Djibouti 50 0 8
Uganda 48 0 0
Macao 44 0 10
Mali 41 3 1
Togo 41 3 17
French Polynesia 40 0 0
Zambia 39 1 2
Ethiopia 38 0 4
Bermuda 37 0 14
Cayman Islands 35 1 1
Saint Martin 29 2 7
Eritrea 29 0 0
Bahamas 28 4 0
Sint Maarten 25 4 6
Guyana 24 4 0
Congo 22 2 2
Gabon 21 1 1
Myanmar 21 1 0
Haiti 21 0 1
Tanzania, United Republic of 20 1 3
Maldives 19 0 13
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 18 1 0
Guinea-Bissau 18 0 0
New Caledonia 17 0 1
Syrian Arab Republic 16 2 2
Benin 16 0 2
Equatorial Guinea 16 0 1
Antigua and Barbuda 15 0 0
Dominica 14 0 0
Mongolia 14 0 2
Namibia 14 0 3
Saint Lucia 14 0 1
Fiji 12 0 0
Grenada 12 0 0
Curaçao 11 1 5
Greenland 11 0 3
Angola 10 2 2
Sudan 10 2 2
Liberia 10 1 3
Suriname 10 1 0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 10 0 0
Mozambique 10 0 1
Seychelles 10 0 0
MS Zaandam 9 2 0
Zimbabwe 9 1 0
Nepal 9 0 1
Chad 9 0 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 9 0 0
Swaziland 9 0 0
Central African Republic 8 0 0
Cabo Verde 7 1 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 7 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7 0 1
Somalia 7 0 1
Mauritania 6 1 2
Montserrat 6 0 0
St. Barth 6 0 1
Nicaragua 5 1 0
Bhutan 5 0 2
Turks and Caicos Islands 5 0 0
Botswana 4 1 0
Gambia 4 1 2
Belize 4 0 0
Malawi 4 0 0
Sierra Leone 4 0 0
Western Sahara 4 0 0
Anguilla 3 0 0
British Virgin Islands 3 0 0
Burundi 3 0 0
Caribbean Netherlands 2 0 0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1 0 0
Papua New Guinea 1 0 0
Timor-Leste 1 0 0
China 81,669 3,329 76,964
READ  B.C.: temperature records broken this week

Mohamed Megahed, head of the archaeological mission, told Ahram Online that the mission located the undecorated burial chamber through two entrances in the west wall of the antechamber of the tomb.

“It seems that the space of the burial chamber was almost completely filled with a limestone sarcophagus, which was found entirely destroyed by ancient tomb robbers,” Megahed added.

However, the mission discovered the human remains of Khuwy, which show clear traces of mummification.

An entrance in the south wall of the decorated antechamber leads to a small room, most likely used as a storeroom. The mission found this room filled with debris, with no finds of any value.

“The discovery of this tomb stresses the importance of Djedkare’s era, and the end of the Fifth Dynasty in general,” asserted Megahed.

The mission, in cooperation with an international team of Egyptologists, has also discovered an ancient Egyptian queen who lived during the late Fifth Dynasty in the same pyramid complex.

READ  Cornwall postcards Is Tackling Self-Isolation With Kindness

The mission found the name of queen Setibhor, who was not known before from ancient sources, engraved on a column in the south part of the until-now anonymous pyramid complex.

The complex is located by the pyramid of king Djedkare in south Saqqara, and the identity of its owner was a puzzle that Egyptologists have been trying to solve for decades.

The name and titles of the owner of this unique monument was found on the column made of red granite in the newly uncovered portico of the queen’s complex. The inscription was carved in sunken relief in a rectangle on the shaft of the column, and it reads: “The one who sees Horus and Seth, the great one of the hetes sceptre, the great of praise, king’s wife, his beloved Setibhor.”

The column and the limestone blocks and fragments bearing relief decoration from the temple of the queen were found during exploration and documentation work in the pyramid complex of king Djedkare.

READ  Callum Manning bullied for his love of books, Report

The pyramid complex of queen Setibhor represents one of the earliest pyramids in south Saqqara, built at the end of the Fifth Dynasty, and it is the largest pyramid complex built for a queen during the Old Kingdom.

Moreover, her funerary temple incorporated architectural elements and chambers that were otherwise reserved for the kings of the Old Kingdom only.

The large size of the pyramid complex of queen Setibhor and her title of queen may indicate her direct intervention in helping her husband, king Djedkare, ascend the throne of Egypt at the end of the Fifth Dynasty. It seems that Djedkare wanted to honour his wife by constructing her a huge pyramid complex, with many unusual features, including palmiform granite columns, which constitute an architectural element so far known only in the pyramid complexes of kings and not used in the temples of the queens during the Old Kingdom period.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.