Arctic temperature rise, UN Report Says

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Arctic temperature rise, UN Report Says
Arctic temperature rise, UN Report Says

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311,637
Confirmed
8,454
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14,828
Recovered

Rising temperatures in the Arctic are on an unsteerable course, even if drastic measures to curb climate change are undertaken, a United Nations report has found.

The new environmental report projects that winter temperatures in the Arctic will increase 3 to 5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2050, and a subsequent 5 to 9 degrees Celsius by 2080, changes that are “locked in,” even if nations collectively meet Paris Agreement goals.

The report was released at the United Nations Environment Assembly in Nairobi on Wednesday, and adds to other recent, dire predictions for the Arctic—one of the places on Earth where global warming will trigger catastrophic outcomes due to the snowballing effects of melting permafrost.

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“What happens in the Arctic does not stay in the Arctic,” Joyce Msuya, acting executive director of the United Nations Environment, said in a statement.

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Portugal 10,524 266 75
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Sweden 6,443 373 205
Australia 5,635 34 585
Norway 5,550 62 32
Russia 4,731 43 333
Ireland 4,604 137 25
Czechia 4,475 62 78
Chile 4,161 27 528
Denmark 4,077 161 1,283
Poland 3,627 79 116
Romania 3,613 146 329
India 3,588 99 229
Malaysia 3,483 57 915
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Indonesia 2,092 191 150
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Peru 1,746 73 914
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Serbia 1,624 44 54
South Africa 1,585 9 95
Dominican Republic 1,578 77 17
UAE 1,505 10 125
Argentina 1,451 43 279
Iceland 1,417 4 396
Colombia 1,406 32 85
Qatar 1,325 3 109
Algeria 1,251 130 90
Ukraine 1,225 32 25
Singapore 1,189 6 297
Croatia 1,126 12 119
Egypt 1,070 71 241
Estonia 1,039 13 59
New Zealand 1,039 1 156
Slovenia 977 22 79
Morocco 919 59 66
Iraq 878 56 259
Hong Kong 862 4 173
Lithuania 811 11 7
Armenia 770 7 43
Moldova, Republic of 752 12 29
Hungary 733 34 66
Diamond Princess 712 11 619
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Bosnia 626 21 30
Cameroon 555 9 17
Tunisia 553 18 5
Kazakhstan 551 6 36
Bulgaria 522 18 37
Azerbaijan 521 5 32
Lebanon 520 17 54
Latvia 509 1 1
Macedonia 483 17 20
Kuwait 479 1 93
Slovakia 471 1 10
Andorra 466 17 21
Belarus 440 5 53
Costa Rica 435 2 13
Cyprus 426 9 33
Uruguay 400 5 93
Taiwan 363 5 54
Afghanistan 337 7 15
Réunion 334 0 40
Albania 333 20 99
Jordan 323 5 74
Burkina Faso 318 16 66
Oman 298 2 61
Uzbekistan 298 2 25
Cuba 288 6 15
Honduras 268 22 6
Channel Islands 262 5 13
San Marino 259 32 27
Côte d'Ivoire 245 1 25
Vietnam 240 0 90
Senegal 219 2 72
Palestinian Territory, Occupied 217 1 21
Ghana 214 5 31
Nigeria 214 4 25
Malta 213 0 2
Montenegro 201 2 1
Mauritius 196 7 7
Faroe Islands 181 0 93
Georgia 170 1 36
Sri Lanka 166 5 27
Bolivia 157 10 2
Venezuela 155 7 52
DRC 154 18 3
Kyrgyzstan 147 1 9
Martinique 145 3 27
Niger 144 8 0
Brunei 135 1 66
Guadeloupe 134 7 24
Mayotte 134 2 14
Kenya 126 4 4
Isle of Man 126 1 0
Cambodia 114 0 50
Guinea 111 0 5
Paraguay 104 3 12
Trinidad and Tobago 103 6 1
Rwanda 102 0 0
Gibraltar 98 0 52
Liechtenstein 77 1 0
Bangladesh 70 8 30
Madagascar 70 0 0
Monaco 66 1 3
Aruba 64 0 1
El Salvador 62 3 2
Guatemala 61 2 15
French Guiana 61 0 22
Jamaica 55 3 7
Barbados 52 0 0
Djibouti 50 0 8
Uganda 48 0 0
Macao 44 0 10
Mali 41 3 1
Togo 41 3 17
French Polynesia 40 0 0
Zambia 39 1 2
Ethiopia 38 0 4
Bermuda 37 0 14
Cayman Islands 35 1 1
Saint Martin 29 2 7
Eritrea 29 0 0
Bahamas 28 4 0
Sint Maarten 25 4 6
Guyana 24 4 0
Congo 22 2 2
Gabon 21 1 1
Myanmar 21 1 0
Haiti 21 0 1
Tanzania, United Republic of 20 1 3
Maldives 19 0 13
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 18 1 0
Guinea-Bissau 18 0 0
New Caledonia 17 0 1
Syrian Arab Republic 16 2 2
Benin 16 0 2
Equatorial Guinea 16 0 1
Antigua and Barbuda 15 0 0
Dominica 14 0 0
Mongolia 14 0 2
Namibia 14 0 3
Saint Lucia 14 0 1
Fiji 12 0 0
Grenada 12 0 0
Curaçao 11 1 5
Greenland 11 0 3
Angola 10 2 2
Sudan 10 2 2
Liberia 10 1 3
Suriname 10 1 0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 10 0 0
Mozambique 10 0 1
Seychelles 10 0 0
MS Zaandam 9 2 0
Zimbabwe 9 1 0
Nepal 9 0 1
Chad 9 0 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 9 0 0
Swaziland 9 0 0
Central African Republic 8 0 0
Cabo Verde 7 1 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 7 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7 0 1
Somalia 7 0 1
Mauritania 6 1 2
Montserrat 6 0 0
St. Barth 6 0 1
Nicaragua 5 1 0
Bhutan 5 0 2
Turks and Caicos Islands 5 0 0
Botswana 4 1 0
Gambia 4 1 2
Belize 4 0 0
Malawi 4 0 0
Sierra Leone 4 0 0
Western Sahara 4 0 0
Anguilla 3 0 0
British Virgin Islands 3 0 0
Burundi 3 0 0
Caribbean Netherlands 2 0 0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 1 0 0
Papua New Guinea 1 0 0
Timor-Leste 1 0 0
China 81,669 3,329 76,964

“We have the science,” Msuya said, “now more urgent climate action is needed to steer away from tipping points that could be even worse for our planet than we first thought.”

These temperature spikes would see massive permafrost melt—characterized as waking a “sleeping giant” in the report—releasing huge amounts of carbon into the atmosphere which could “derail efforts” to meet goals set by the Paris Agreement. Four million people, especially indigenous communities in the Arctic, and 70 percent of the region’s infrastructure will be threatened by thawing permafrost by 2050.

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The research warns that many changes are already set in motion for the Arctic. Even if Paris Agreement goals are achieved (and note that President Trump withdrew the United States from this effort), Arctic permafrost is predicted to shrink by 45 percent below current levels.

The report is yet another startling wakeup call, and it intends to instigate global action to avoid these snowball effects.

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Last year, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published a landmark study on the devastating effects of 1.5 degrees Celsius warming. Wednesday’s report is different in that it details the consequences of “tipping points” or “positive feedback.”

“The urgency to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement is clearly manifested in the Arctic,” Kimmo Tiilikainen, the Finnish Minister of the Environment, Energy and Housing, said in a statement. “It is one of the most vulnerable and rapidly changing regions in the world.”

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